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The languages that are typically spoken are English
Australia uses the Australian dollar (symbol: $), code AUD.Banknotes come in denominations of 100, 50, 20, 10 and 5 dollars. Dollar is subdivided into 100 cents. Coins come in denominations of 2 and 1 dollars and 50, 20, 10 and 5 cents.
Automatic teller machines are everywhere in Australia. Pretty much anywhere you look there will be an ATM. Australia has one of the highest ATM densities in the world.You do not need a chip & PIN card to use an ATM — your standard magnetic card will work fine.
Internet speed in Australia is on average 8.2 Mbps. WiFi coverage in Australia is very high. Most hotels, hostels, cafes, restaurants and bars have it.
You can buy a SIM card for about A$30.33, which includes 1 GB of data plan. You can choose from 4 telecoms: Optus, Telstra, Virgin Mobile or Vodafone. Australia uses GSM mobile networks GSM 900 and GSM 1800. If you don't want to buy SIM card in Australia upon arrival, make sure to check the roaming charges with your telecom provider before your departure so there are no surprises when you return home.
To call Australia, dial +, then 61 (the country code for Australia), then the area code (without the initial 0) and the local number. For local calls within Australia, start with the area code (with the initial 0). In the case above area code is 2 .
In Australia you drive on the left side. Most cars have automatic transmission. Unless otherwise posted, the speed limits for cars and motorcycles are as follows: 100 km/h (62 mph) on undivided highways, 100-110 km/h (62-68 mph) on motorways, 100-110 km/h (62-68 mph) on expressways and 50-60 km/h (31-37 mph) in all built-up areas.
Import and export information
Tobacco:50 cigarettes; or
Tobacco:50 grams of other tobacco products.
Alcohol:There are no restrictions on the importation of funds into Australia.
Alcohol:Funds of AUD$10,000 or more must be declared.
Currency:There are no restrictions on the importation of funds into Australia.
Currency:Funds of AUD$10,000 or more must be declared.
Other items:Travellers 18 years or older may bring in AUD$900 of general goods for personal use.
Other items:Travellers younger than 18 years may bring in AUD$450 of general goods for personal use.
Other items:Most prescription medications are free to import provided they are accompanied by a prescription written in English, with a supply of 3 months or less.
Other items:Travellers 18 years of age or older may import up to 5 lighters.
Other items:The following may be imported into Australia, subject to airline rules: fixed blade knives, swords including katanas and samurai swords, multi-tool knives, and bayonets.
All firearms, including imitation firearms, paintball firearms, and soft air firearms.
Fruit and vegetables.
The following weapons are prohibited: automatic knives, blowguns, concealed blades, daggers, electric shock devices, extendable batons, knuckle dusters, nunchakus, pepper spray, throwing blades, slingshots with an arm brace, and laser pointers with a strength greater than 1mW.
Pirated and counterfeited goods, such as counterfeit cosmetics or shoes, and pirated DVDs.
Obscene materials, such as child pornography.
Raw hide drums.
Insect zappers without a protective grid and a higher battery capacity than 6 volts.
Hormones must be accompanied by a prescription written in English, with a supply of 3 months or less.
Some medications require a permit for import. For further information, please visit the DIBPBringing medicine into Australia.
Animal items such as leather, fur, horns, teeth and bones must be clean and in new packaging. These items must be declared and will be inspected.
Wooden items must be free from bark, signs of insect damage, and contamination. These items must be declared and will be inspected.
All pets are subject to importation requirements, and some are prohibited. For further information, please visit Department of Agriculture and Water ResourcesBringing cats and dogs (and other pets) to Australia.
Assistance dogs must meet different requirements from pets. For further information, please visit Department of Agriculture and Water ResourcesAssistance dogs.
Heritage-listed goods such as works of art, minerals and archaeological objects require a permit.
All veterinary drugs and medicines must be declared and may be prohibited.
Food, plants, animals and biological goods. For further information, please visitDepartment of Agriculture and Water Resources.
Defence and Strategic goods. For further information, please contact the Department of Immigration and Border Protection.
There is no risk of yellow fever in Australia. The government of Australia requires proof of yellow fever vaccination from travellers 1 year of age or older who are arriving from a country with risk of yellow fever, including transit in an airport located in a country with risk of yellow fever. For further information on this recommendation, please visit the CDC Yellow Fever Advice.
It is recommended that travellers are up to date on routine vaccinations including measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus (DPT), varicella (chickenpox), polio, and yearly flu shots.
As hepatitis A outbreaks occur throughout the world and sometimes in countries with a low risk for hepatitis A, travellers should consult with their doctor prior to travel to see if the hepatitis A vaccine is necessary.
A hepatitis B vaccination is recommended for those who may have sexual contact with a new partner, who may get a tattoo or piercing, or have any medical procedures.
Travellers may need a Japanese Encephalitis vaccination depending on their travel plans, particularly if they will be in Australia longer than a month or plan to visit rural areas or spend significant time outdoors. Consultation with a doctor regarding this vaccination should be sought prior to travel. For further information on this recommendation, please visit the CDC Japanese Encephalitis Advice.
A rabies vaccination is recommended for those planning an outdoor holiday, for wildlife professionals and researchers, or for those who may come into contact with bats.
Dengue cases have been reported in Australia. For further information, please visit the CDC Dengue Advice.